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Useful information :: Contraception
Contraception


Бариерни контрацептивни методи

There are no translations available.

CondomБариерните контрацептивни методи предпазват от забременяване като блокират навлизането на сперма в кухината на матката. Някои от бариерните методи, особено презервативите, помагат за предпазване от полово предавани инфекции, включително HIV инфекция. Главното предимство на бариерните методи е тяхната безопасност. Те имат само незначителни локални (местни) странични ефекти и няма абсолютни медицински противопоказания за употребата им. Бариерните методи включват:

- презервативи

- диафрагми

- цервикални шапки

- спермициди: кремове, гелове, вагинални глобули или таблети, аерозолни пяни.

- вътрематочни спирали 

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Хормонална перорална контрацепция

There are no translations available.

Oral contraceptionОралните (приемани през устата) контрацептиви са препарати от синтетични естрогени и прогестерон (женските полови хормони, поначало произвеждани от женкия организъм), които са високоефективни при предпазване от забременяване – 99 %.

Съществуват два типа:

- монофазни: с фиксирана концентрация от естрогенни и прогестагенови хормони през целия цикъл

- мултифазни: дву-(бифазни) или три-(трифазни) варианти на концентрация на естрогени и/или прогестаген през цикъла

Таблетките са в опаковки от по 21 таблетки или 28 таблетки в зависимост от схемата на приемане.

Механизъм на действие: контрацептивният ефект се дължи на подтискането на овулацията. Хормоналните контрацептиви също предизвикват сгъстяване на цервикалната слуз и промени в маточната лигавица, които представляват препятствие за сперматозоидите при проникването им в маточната кухина и преминаването им към маточните тръби.

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My Body, My Rights: Meeting of the Teams from Montana, Sofia and Yambol

Dolna Banya, September 2-4, 2020

Meeting of the teams on the project ‘My Body, My Rights’, supported by the prohgamme for socially responsible business “MSD for Mothers” took place in Dolna Banya on September 2-4, 2020. Special guests during the event were the Executive Director of ‘St. Sofia’ First OB Hospital Dr. Gergana Kolarova and the coordinator of BFPA in Pleven Dr. Krasimir Romanov. The priceless opportunity to have a direct dialog with Dr. Kolarova was highly appreciated by the team in Sofia and gave them the possibility to adjust the field efforts and optimize the collaboration with the hospital in the field of family planning.
Topics of the discussions during the three-day meeting were: what examinations to be done during the pregnancy and what is doing the gynecologist in the different stages; what are the benefits from health insurances; how much does it cost and how to recover health insurance rights; the benefits of visualization for understanding the information. Short educational films, developed to help the work at local level, were presented.
The work during the three days with health mediators and other colleagues working on the field from Montana, Sofia and Yambol included discussing the progress currently made and future activities trill the project end.
In the crisis months from the beginning of the year two tenth graders from Yambol were close to drop out from school due to the death of their parents, but the project team supported them and the boys will finish their secondary education. Two of the girls, trained on the project this year will be studying pedagogy in Veliko Tarnovo University.

 
The Learning action partnership was introduced to Safenet’s Cyber Scout Programme

Sofia, August 24, 2020

“I’m a 15-year old boy, in the ninth grade. Recently I met a girl in the social networks. After chatting a few days in Skype, we turned on cameras, send saucy pictures…. Now it transpires the girl is not a girl at all, I was recorded and being blackmailed, for money, for more pictures, otherwise the recordings will be made widely public. What do I do to get out of this situation?”
Another case:
“I’m in the sixth grade. A classmate who is a Facebook friend of our history teacher downloaded her picture and made her a professional profile in a porn site. What do I do, how do I react?”
The two cases are just a small part of the one-day training on the Cyber Scout programme for internet safety and online security for the members of the Learning action partnership (LAP). We talked about online bullying, online sexual exploitation, about the ways we should react, what rules apply, what is allowed and effective… We review different cases – from a threat from a pedophile regarding the security of a child to an innocent at first exchange between friends which escalates to online harassment that can have serious and long-term consequences for the victim’s life and mentality.

 
Capacity building in the fields of communication and advocacy

Dolna Banya, August 20-22, 2020

For three days – from August 20 to 22, 2020 BFPA’s team and Board together with representatives of key partners of the Association gathered at a outside-the-box work meeting in Dolna Banya. The public relations and civic law spepcialists Diana Damyanova and Ivana Murdjeva shared with the participants important accents of their professional expertise which are significant for better understanding the public environment as well as for communicating our messages.
The goal of the event was to analyze the needs of our target groups and of the environment we work in, bearing in mind the challenges for the NGO sector and the specificities in communicating with different audiences in order to be more successful when working in ”our” niche – health prevention, family planning, sexual and reproductive health. A short historical overview of the legislative environment and key normative documents was made.

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Useful information :: Contraception