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Interviews and other interesting materials
Interviews and other interesting materials

We will keep fighting and will not stop!

Czarny protest 1Paris, October 5, 2016

Poland will catalyze the process in whole Europe

Interview with Krystyna Kacpura, Executive Director of the Federation for Women and Reproductive Health, Poland

Krystyna, can you say just few sentences for you and your organization and what happens in Poland?
The Federation for Women and Family Planning has been existed for 25 years. This year we celebrate our 25 anniversary. I am the executive director of the Federation. As for the situation of the reproductive rights of the women in Poland: currently we have very restrictive law. The law is more restrictive in practice than in paper. The law allows abortion in 3 cases – when the fetus is seriously damaged, in cases of rape, or incest and when there is a danger to the women’s health and life. This law doesn’t work in practice and there are many circumstances for this. There are some limitations as for instance conscious objection or prolonged procedures for the demanded services. There are many other barriers to access the desired services.
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Development cooperation and Bulgaria

DiplomacyVentsislav Kirkov, "Diplomacy" magazine, issue 15 - october-december 2015

In 2007, the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs promulgated a concept of Bulgaria’s participation in international development cooperation. This document set out the principles, the tasks, and the priorities of the development policy of this country, along with the ways in which this policy was going to be funded. The International Development Cooperation Concept outlined the Bulgarian participation in the development policies on a bilateral and a multilateral basis, meaning that the funding was going to be provided through bilateral and multilateral channels.
By multilateral funding channels, I mean the varied organizations which were working in the area of attaining the topical, at the time, Millennium Development Goals. Among these organizations ere some UN agencies, the IMF, and some EU institutions dealing with the formulation and implementation of the international development cooperation policies. The bilateral unding channels involved Bulgaria’s participation in small projects, which did not require any serious funding, participation in joint projects, along with some other international donors, as well as the provision of technical aid. At that time, Bulgaria had quite recently acceded to the European Union and was, therefore, considered to be suitable for using the bilateral funding pproach because this approach was going to help the country gain the relevant experience and implement a consistent and efficient development policy in line with its own foreign policy.
Participation in the international development cooperation policies is, indeed, viewed as a modern and flexible instrument within the framework of the general foreign policy of the ountry. This could become most visible in the implementation of joint bilateral projects and programmes. The Bulgarian cultural and historical heritage makes it possible for the country to cquire stable positions in a number of countries in which the leading EU Member States do not have long-standing traditions. Hence, the development of bilateral relations could be regarded s an expression of Bulgaria’s willingness to empathize with the countries with which it has been maintaining long-standing traditions of reliable partnerships in the political, economic, and cultural sphere.

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How Mice Turned Their Private Paradise Into A Terrifying Dystopia

Cover photoYOU CAN READ THE FULL ARTICLE HERE

 

Interview with Prof. Radka Argirova

Prof. ArgirovaSofia, July 28 2015

Проф. д-р Радка Аргирова е завършила ВМИ – София и за кратко време е работила по разпределение в Окръжна болница – Габрово. След конкурс става редовен докторант по вирусология в Институт „Ивановски“ – Москва, където успешно защитава дисертация по животински ретровируси.  Завръща се в София и работи последователно в Института по онкология и Института по обща и сравнителна патология – БАН на модели миши и птичи ретровируси. В периода 1980 – 1981 г. е стипендиант на Фондация „Хумболт“ отново по ретровируси. Освен в Германия, е специализирала  в САЩ.
През 1985 г. след участие в специализиран конгрес в Хамбург, получава HIV  от проф. Роберт Гало, донася го в БАН и с това у нас се започва работата по СПИН. Пред 1987 г. се открива организираната от нея първа лаборатория по СПИН, в същата година у нас започва и контролът на кръвната банка за вируса. Впоследствие е представител на България, а после и на Източна Европа в Глобалната Програма по СПИН – Женева, експерт по оценка на националните програми на Конго, Филипините и др. За 2 години е зам.-министър на  здравеопазването, след това последователно  ръководи Лабораторията по ретровируси,  както и Лабораторията по херпесни и онкогенни вируси към Националния център по заразни и паразитни болести. След пенсионирането й от този Институт е поканена в болница „Токуда” като вирусолог в състава на клиничната лаборатория, където работи и досега.
Под нейно ръководство са защитени 7 дисертации и 12 дипломни работи по вирусология, автор е на над 100 статии , от 2000 г. и досега е председател на Научното Дружество по вирусология,  лектор в Медицинския Университет, Биологическия Факултет, член на постоянно действащи комисии към МЗ, МОН, МОСВ, постоянен дългогодишен консултант по вирусология на Р Казахстан. От 2011 г. е председател на медико-биологичната секция към Хумболтовия Съюз в България. Успешно работи с няколко неправителствени организации, сред които „Надежда срещу СПИН“ (на която е съосновател) и Българска Асоциация по семейно планиране и сексуално здраве.

1) Проф. Аргирова, Вие имате дългогодишен опит в областта на вирусологията, включително и извън България. Има ли с какво българският учен-вирусолог да подпомогне колегите си в други държави, по-специално страните от т.нар. „глобален юг”?

Ще започна отговора си на Вашия въпрос с един цитат от Хенри Кисинджър :“ На Юг не може да се случи нищо важно. Оста на историята започва в Москва, минава през Бон, после през Вашингтон, и стига до Токио. Това, което става на Юг е без всякакво значение”. (Не че обожавам и чета Кисинджър, но другите го четат, следователно трябва да се съобразяваме). Да, но на юг се „случват“ важни неща, засягащи цялото човечество – напр. епидемии – HIV/СПИН, Ебола, денга и др. – все вирусни инфекции (разбира се, има и бактериални и паразитни), но с тяхното диагностициране, лечение и особено профилактика е ангажирана голяма част от световната наука днес -  и от севера, и от юга. Българският учен-вирусолог може да помогне  конкретно с приложение на специфична диагностика с бързи тестове на терен, което е в пряка връзка с епидемиологичното разпространение на дадена инфекция, както и с много сериозни знания относно организиране на нови вирусологични лаборатории в места и територии, където такива липсват. Имам и примери от практиката – напр. аз бях специално поканена да организирам вирусологична лаборатория в Казахстан (отначало идеята беше за изследвания на HIV, после прерастна в по-широко-спектърна лаборатория). Вече 3 години лабораторията работи, неотдавна в швейцарско списание излязоха 3 научни статии по нови инхибитори на HIV от местни автори.

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Covid-19 pandemic – analyzed and explained
Sofia, January 7, 2021
 
Online meeting with Prof. Radka Argirova, MD, leading virologist with prominent scientific and practical experience was held on January 7th, 2021. The meeting provoked interest and attracted attention of more than 80 people from all regions of the country – among them were representatives of Learning Action Partnership (LAP), BFPA staff and Management bard, NGOs, institutions, medical doctors and health mediators. The topic of the event was ‘ SARS-CoV-2 – About the Virus, Specific Diagnostics and Vaccines’ . During the more than two hours and a half lasted forum was presented a lecture including information about arising epidemics and pandemics, mechanisms of occurrence and evolution of viruses; main generally accepted facts, diagnosis and development of Covid 19. Review of the types of tests for Covid 19 was made, qualities of antigen test and types of PCR tests were discussed, as special attention was drawn to cases with false negative results, asymptomatic patients, and symptomatic patients with negative results. Special attention was also given to the different vaccines elaborated to combat the virus. Participants took the opportunity to ask additional questions after the lecture. You can listren to them in Bulgarian here
 
Outwitting the pandemic - in search of digital applications for health education and information

Sofia, Montana, Yambol, December 2020

Despite the restrictions imposed by the measures against Covid 19, in recent months the planned activities in the second year of the project "My body, my rights", supported by the socially responsible business program "MSD for mothers", continue in three locations - Sofia, Montana and Yambol. The coordinators of the project by places - Fakulteta district in Sofia - Valentin Blagoev, Kosharnik quarter and Ogosta quarter in Montana - Petar Tsvetanov and the whole Tundzha municipality in Yambol (the villages of Veselinovo, Kukorevo, Tenevo, Zavoy) - Kina Assenova, hold meetings of self-help groups - though in  more limited numbers due to precautionary measures, conduct training events for young people - outdoors, through specialized stands for distribution of printed materials for the project itself and for the SRH in general, and most importantly - support marginalized members of communities with hygiene materials, essential goods and medicines and specialized information for prevention from Covid, along with the usual topics - prevention of unwanted pregnancy, prevention of STIs, maternal and child health and many others, through selfless and exhausting walking from the neck of door due to the impossibility to organize large information sessions.

 
Break the Silence: Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Violence of Children Could Happen Everywhere

Sofia, November 18, 2020

Break the Silence: November 18 is the European Day on protection of children against sexual exploitation and sexual violence.
The first thing that comes to mind when we hear ‘sexual exploitation’ is usually connected with red lanterns, streets or roads with women (and men) sex workers, trafficking of human beings. Sexual exploitation of children could have also other faces – sex services in exchange of expensive things such as smart phone or modern accessory or at the cost of a lunch, sweets or instead of rent for parents’ accommodation. It can happen via internet and to affect minors before they become teenagers. That’s why it is needed to break the silence and to ask for zero tolerance concerning this ugly phenomenon. Statistics show that one of five children becomes victim of violence, including sexual. As parents we can prevent this: we can teach them for instance on the Rule of the Bathing Suit. It says that no one has the right to touch their body, especially where the body is covered by a swimming bathing suit. Medical examinations and manipulations as well don’t have to be allowed without their informed consent. The rule helps children to understand that their bodies are their own, that there is good and bad touching, as well es personal borders and social ethnic norms.

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Interviews and other interesting materials