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Interviews and other interesting materials :: CYTOMEGALOVIRUS AND PREGNANCY

CYTOMEGALOVIRUS AND PREGNANCY

Prof. Radka ArgirovaПроф. ДМН Радка Аргирова, вирусолог, Аджибадем СитиКлиник Токуда Болница, Клинична Лаборатория

Цитомегаловирусът (CMV) е член на семейството на херпесните вируси. В това семейство влизат около 200 вируса, но осем от тях причиняват заболявания у човека – херпес симплекс типове 1 и 2 – HSV-1, HSV-2, херпес зостер вирус – VZV, Епщайн-Бар вирус – EBV, както и неотдавна изолираните човешки херпесни вируси – типове 6,7 и 8 – HHV-6, HHV-7 и HHV-8. Инфекциите с тези вируси се характеризират със следните отличителни черти:
- Масовост и  най-често субклинично протичане, особено когато засягат детската възраст;
- Инфекцията с тях остава доживотна, обикновено латентна при нормално функционираща имунна система, като отделните представители на семейството се различават по начина и мястото на установяване на латентност;
- Показват постоянна тенденция за увеличаване честотата и тежестта на клиничната манифестация при реактивация;
- Реактивират се при имуносупресивни състояния, като н тези случаи се превръщат в сериозен и трудeн за  лечение клиничен проблем.
С цитомегаловирус (CMV) са заразени около 85% от възрастните хора у нас. Те носят IgG антитела.Вирусът се предава особено добре чрез слюнката, поради което бременните жени и близките им трябва да бъдат съветвани да не целуват новородените по устата, както и да бъдат с повишено внимание към личната си хигиена. Прясно заразяване на бременната с вируса води до пренасянето му и заразяване на развиващото се бебе, а по време на  раждане заразяването става чрез урина, цервикални и вагинални екскреции. Глобалните  данни показват, че 0.2% -  2%  от новородените в световен мащаб се раждат заразени с CMV. Инфекцията е по-честа в развиващите се страни и при лоши условия на живот. Вродената CMV инфекция е най-важната инфекциозна причина за вродена глухота, малформации, микроцефалия, забавено умствено развитие и способности за учене и запаметяване у децата. В по-късна възраст децата с вродена CMV инфекция имат проблеми с функционирането на имунната система, изразяващи се в повишена заболяемост.

 

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BFPA starts working on a new project – ARIE - supported by the ERASMUS+ program

Sofia, March 2021

The Bulgarian Family Planning and Sexual Health Association (BFPA) is a partner in the first European project that encourages People Living with HIV (PLHIV) to implement regularly a system of aerobic exercises. The project was supposed to start in the beginning of 2020 but the Covid-19 pandemic postponed the start with one year. So ARIE will be implemented in 2021 and 2022, coordinated by ANLAIDS Lombardia  - an organization that was a partner of the Association under other projects  - for HIV  prevention, for creating an online informational system for Hepatitis B and C and for cervical cancer prevention. We are partners from  6 countries (Italy, Bulgaria, Greece, Lithuania, Romania and Slovenia), 7 organizations and over 30 experts. ARIE is an ambitious project to encourage participation in sports and physical activity of people living with the HIV infection and are on therapy, in line with EU recommendations and guidelines on physical activity.
The project intends to promote physical activity in the form of personalized paths, among people aged between 18 and 50 who live with HIV infection and who are under treatment, offering an innovative fitness protocol, and in order to involve them in moderate physical activity. Therefore, the project through the development of the protocol aims to promote voluntary activities in sport, together with awareness of the importance of physical activity for the benefit of health through greater participation in sport for all.
 
Online Meeting of LAP in Seeking Different Approaches to Work with Young People

Sofia, February 24, 2021

Another online meeting of Learning Action Partnership (LAP) took place on February 24th, 2021. The participants – guest colleagues from Center for Study of Democracy (CSD); representatives of BFPA, Know How Center for Alternative Care of NBU, BYRC, SAPI, Re-Act Association, ASC Foundation, NNHM and IOM – reviewed the progress of implementation of the so called ‘small projects’ in the frame of LAP. The short video representing the work of LAP was discussed and approved for use.
The special guests of the online meeting presented the campaign ‘Find Another Way’, directed against radical messages and actions of young people in internet. Safe Internet Center and Center for Study of Democracy, worked on the initiative for three years, presented results and conclusions from their online communicational campaign.
The main target groups of the project were young people 14-19 in Bulgaria. Their main goal – prevention of violence, connected with the extreme-right messages and reducing the vulnerability of young people towards extreme-right messages and propaganda. From CSD strived to work for reducing anti-minority attitudes and messages and violence against minority groups, they tried to present other, different points of view and to involve young people in constructive alternative causes via narratives for stimulating critical thinking and identifying fake messages.

 
A new project “Youth Voices, Youth Choices” of the Bulgarian Association for Family Planning and Sexual Health has been launched

Sofia, February 8-10, 2021

The first online meeting of the project “Youth Voices, Youth Choices” was held on February 8-10, 2021. The project "Youth Voices, Youth Choices" (2021-2023) is a 30-month international project implemented in Bulgaria by the Bulgarian Family Planning and Sexual Health Association (BFPA). Partner organizations from Albania, BiH, Kosovo and Northern Macedonia will implement similar initiatives in their countries. The project is implemented with the coordinative role of the International Planned Parenthood Federation with the support of the programme for socially responsible business of the company MSD and aims to create more accessible and youth-friendly SRH services and information, paying special attention to the most vulnerable groups.

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Interviews and other interesting materials :: CYTOMEGALOVIRUS AND PREGNANCY